Essay population problem in india

What little that is left is so polluted that it is not fit to be used. Is this our future? What are we doing to keep this from happening? We recycle, we ride our bikes, we compost, but is this enough? It is up to us to find a cure to the ailment that is destroying our planet.

We only have one Earth to sustain. The Population Problem Two hundred years ago, Thomas Malthus, in An Essay on the Principle of Population, reached the conclusion that the number of people in the world will increase exponentially, while the ability to feed these people will only increase arithmetically Current evidence shows that this theory may not be far from the truth. For example, between and , the total amount of grain produced more than doubled, much more than the increase in population in those 34 years.

More recently though, these statistics have become reversed. From to , the amount of grain increased at 3 percent annually. Yet, from to , grain production had grown at barely 1 percent per year, a decrease in grain production per …show more content…. More people means more waste, more pollution, and more development.

With this taken into consideration, it seems that Hardin's teachings should no longer fall on deaf ears.

When discussing the issue of population, it is important to note that it is one of the most controversial issues facing the world today. Population growth, like many other environmental issues, has two sides. One side will claim that the population explosion is only a myth, while the other side will argue that the population explosion is reality.

Because of this, statistics concerning this subject vary widely. But, in order to persuade, it is necessary to take one side or the other. Thus, statistics may be questioned as to their validity, even though the statistics come from credible sources. Unlike China and India though, the United States is the fastest growing industrialized nation.

Many species of animals are not being able to cope up with the growing pollution. They incur certain diseases due to it and face fatal consequences.

How to fight Overpopulation in India by Dhruv Rathee

The climate in various parts of the world has changed drastically. Many areas that earlier received moderate rainfall now witness flood like conditions. Similarly, the areas that remained mildly hot during the summer season now experience extremely hot weather. While the human beings are equipped to adapt to such situations, animals cannot withstand the same.


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Man has always thought about his well-being and comfort overlooking the impact it has on the plants, animals and the overall environment around him. If human beings continue to behave this way earth would no longer remain fit for the survival of the human beings. It is time we must recognise the importance of controlling the human population as well as the practices that are ruining our planet.

Population Education in India: Meaning, Objectives, Problems

Population is the term used to denote the total number of people living in an area. It does not only refer to the human beings but also to other forms of living organisms that have the ability to reproduce and multiply.

The population in many parts of earth is increasing. While the governments of different countries are trying to curb the issue by various means, a lot still needs to be done in order to control it. The growing rate of population is a cause of several problems. The developing countries are struggling hard to reach up to the level of the developed countries and the rapid growth in the population in these countries is one of the main hindrances in this direction.

The problem of unemployment is on all time high only because of the growing population. There are numerous people seeking jobs but the vacancies are limited. Unemployment causes poverty which is another problem. It also creates dissatisfaction among the people and gives rise to crime. Those who do not get their desired jobs often adopt unsolicited means to earn money. It is also to be understood that the resources are limited but due to the increasing number of people the demand is growing higher.

Forests are being cut and huge office and residential buildings are being made in their place. It is all being done to accommodate the growing population. Natural resources are being depleted at a rapid pace because of greater number of people using them. This is causing an imbalance in the environment. More and more natural resources are being used to meet the demands of the people. This does not only cause degradation of the environment but also increases the cost of living. Controlling the population has thus become the need of the hour. It is necessary for establishing balance and harmony in the environment.

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It will also ensure better standard of living for people. People from the poor and uneducated classes are mostly the ones who do not plan family. They treat women as a child bearing machine and have children one after the other. It is essential to educate people.

Population Problem

The government must take steps to make education necessary for all. It is essential for the government to sensitize people about the importance of family planning. This should be done repeatedly by means of radio, television, internet and other forms of communication. The government should exempt the taxes or provide other monetary benefits to the families who have single child. Since people today are money driven, this will be an effective step towards controlling population.

The governments of quite a few countries have already implemented such policies. Just as the government can provide monetary benefits to those who do proper family planning, it should also put a fine on the ones who do not. A penalty should be levied on the families with more than two children. The government must not only implement the aforementioned points but also keep a stark check on the same and ensure that these are followed. People must understand the importance of controlling the population. It would not only give them a clean and green environment and a better standard of living but will also help in the overall development of their country.

What is Overpopulation?

The government must also take this matter seriously and put proper rules and policies in place to ensure population control. It is predicted to surpass China by to become the highly populated country in the world. The unprecedented population growth has contributed too many problems such as poverty, unemployment, food problem, housing, clothing which are the basic necessities of life. These things are directly related to the quality of life. The rising population has outpaced all the development and technological gains. It has nullified all our achievements in the field of industrialisation.

Even they do not have the bare necessities of life available to them.

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Millions of people have to go to bed without food. Starvation death is frequent in India despite being self-reliant in food production. Population growth is witnessing geometrical progression. The resources of subsistence are increasing in arithmetical progression. India has to accommodate sixteen per cent of total world population in 2.


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