He had good reason to be. Labour, they said, was heading for a clear victory. In her notes, suppose, the writer has randomly listed six explanations of why the polls were so wide of the mark —. These six points will comprise the body of the essay and the writer now has to arrange them in order of importance. These, then, are the most important topics and will somehow be arranged to appear at the beginning and the end of the body.
Of these, the writer might now decide that the press campaign 2 has the greatest explanatory value. Next, she decides that point 6 is more important than point 3, so 6 will come somewhere in the first paragraph and 3 in the penultimate. So far, then, the arrangement of the six-point body is —. Here, then, is the completed body with the introductory paragraph again —.
One of the weaknesses of conclusions sometimes is that they exist at all. What, for example, could fruitfully be added to our sample essay on the election? What, then, should a conclusion look like? Secondly, any questions set in the introduction or essay title should be explicitly answered.
Learn How to Start an Argumentative Essay
Predicting human behaviour, then, is perhaps an art more than a science. Should the apparent power of the press be a cause for concern? The passage is clear and grammatically correct, but the use of the first person I is inappropriate. To make matters worse, the writer is using the first person to describe what she is doing rather than what she is thinking. But this merely adds affectation to the problem. A better technique is to avoid reference to herself altogether —. The writer is now well out of sight. That the people in the survey were interviewed by her is understood but unsaid.
The results of the survey show that… active with a third-person subject. What conclusions can be drawn from this?
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What conclusions can we draw from this? In expository essays, then, the writer is best advised to keep her head down by using a combination of —. The Argumentative Essay. The nature of argument. In a sense, all academic essays are argumentative. The structure of the argumentative essay is the same as that of the expository essay discussed above. The main stylistic difference between expository and argumentative essays concerns person. It is therefore wise to be frugal with the first person.
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The simplest way is often to delete them. Thus —. But in what circumstances may the author legitimately raise her head?
Expectations about academic writing
But even here, the first person can be avoided if the writer feels it is in danger of overuse. Few writers will produce a satisfactory essay in one sitting. Let us deal with irrelevance first. Some students will immediately plunge in with something like this —. True but irrelevant. Overdevelopment, on the other hand, is the result of poor planning.
Academics writing papers for publication usually have some discretion in respect of the length of their work. The hapless student does not. What needs to be remembered is that writing an essay of two or three thousand words is like furnishing a small living room; we can acquire some beautiful items but, without the space, they merely transform the room into an obstacle course. These errors aside, the purpose of the drafting stages will be to refine the work in order to achieve optimum clarity and to rid it of dross.
The remainder of this page consists of a few reminders.
We can also shorten expressions and improve the quality of English at the same time —. His business plan written, he arranged an interview with his bank. The research showed that monetary union is not an important electoral issue. Very often, we need make no change except to delete the expression —. Ed Miliband was elected as the Leader of the Labour Party in He specialised in selling while his partner specialised in accounts.
An elliptical comma is added after selling. No one else but the secretary is allowed to sign cheques. Other windbags include —. We can also weed out the tautologies.
Tricks & Hints
Each of the following, for example, should have one word deleted —. The information for this essay was gathered by questionnaire. Some writers also fail to realise that what for them is a new discovery is common knowledge to their readers. Choose the most important that support your argument the pros and the most important to refute the cons and focus on them. Choose the one that you find most effective for your argument. Or do you prefer to save the best for last? For example:. These are just a few suggestions. You can, of course, come up with many good transitions of your own.
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Four types of essay: expository, persuasive, analytical, argumentative
Four types of essay: expository, persuasive, analytical, argumentative. The key here is that you are explaining an issue, theme or idea to your intended audience. Your reaction to a work of literature could be in the form of an expository essay, for example if you decide to simply explain your personal response to a work. The expository essay can also be used to give a personal response to a world event, political debate, football game, work of art and so on.
What are its most important qualities? So, you should:. This is the type of essay where you try to convince the reader to adopt your position on an issue or point of view. Here your rationale, your argument, is most important. You are presenting an opinion and trying to persuade readers, you want to win readers over to your point of view.
In this type of essay you analyze, examine and interpret such things as an event, book, poem, play or other work of art. Your analytical essay should have an:. See More on expository essays. Sist oppdatert: So, you should: Have a well defined thesis. Make sure you answer your question or do what you say you set out to do. Do not wander from your topic. Provide evidence to back up what you are saying.
Support your arguments with facts and reasoning. Do not simply list facts, incorporate these as examples supporting your position, but at the same time make your point as succinctly as possible. The essay should be concise. Make your point and conclude your essay. Have a definite point of view. Use sound reasoning. Use solid evidence. Be aware of your intended audience. How can you win them over?